JavaScript树形菜单

大家在很多网站、软件上,应该都有见到过树形菜单这个东西,比方说你的电脑上的注册表编辑器,就是一个大型的树形菜单,有些树形菜单还能直接在每一个选项旁边打钩或者空着,也就是复选框。今天,我们就用JavaScript来实现带复选框的树形菜单。

HTML代码
<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>无标题文档</title>
<script type="text/javascript" src="wtree.js"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="dtree.css" type="text/css">
</head>

<body>
<div id="systree"></div>
<script type="text/javascript">
var d = new dTree('d', 'images/system/menu/');
d.config.check=true;
d.add(,-1,'系统菜单',"javascript:;",'提示');
d.add(100,0,'系统管理',"javascript:;",'所有系统管理功能');
d.add(790,100,'菜单管理',"javascript:;",'菜单管理');
d.add(800,100,'组织机构',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(810,100,'用户管理',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(3,810,'用户名',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(102,0,'系统机构',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(300,102,'人员管理',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(301,102,'部门管理',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(302,102,'机构管理',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(103,0,'权限管理',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(400,103,'角色维护,"javascript:;",'');
d.add(401,103,'功能分配',"javascript:;",'');
d.add(402,103,'角色分配',"javascript:;",'');
document.getElementByld('systree').innerHTML=d;
</script>
</body>
</html>

CSS代码,即HTML中引用的dtree.css
.dtree {
	font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
	font-size: 11px;
	color: #666;
	white-space: nowrap;
}
.dtree img {
	border: 0px;
	vertical-align: middle;
}
.dtree a {
	color: #333;
	text-decoration: none;
}
.dtree a.node, .dtree a.nodeSel {
	white-space: nowrap;
	padding: 1px 2px 1px 2px;
}
.dtree a.node:hover, .dtree a.nodeSel:hover {
	color: #333;
	text-decoration: underline;
}
.dtree a.nodeSel {
	background-color: #c0d2ec;
}
.dtree .clip {
	overflow: hidden;
}
.cx{
	line-height:12px;
	padding:0px; 
	margin:0px;
	width:12px;
	height:12px;
	vertical-align:middle;
}

 

JavaScript代码,即HTML中引用的wtree.js
// 节点对象
function Node(id, pid, name, url, title, target, icon, iconOpen, open) {
	this.id = id;
	this.pid = pid;
	this.name = name;
	this.url = url;
	this.title = title;
	this.target = target;
	this.icon = icon;
	this.iconOpen = iconOpen;
	this._io = open || false;
	this._is = false;
	this._ls = false;
	this._hc = false;
	this._ai = 0;
	this._p;
};


// Tree object 树对象
function dTree(objName,iconPath) {
	this.config = {
		target: null,
		folderLinks: true,
		useSelection: true,
		useCookies: true,
		useLines: true,
		useIcons: true,
		useStatusText: false,
		closeSameLevel: false,
		inOrder: false,
		check:false		//复选框是否被选择
	};
	
	if(!iconPath)iconPath="img/";//设置树节点图标路径
	
	this.icon = {
		root: iconPath+'base.gif',
		folder: iconPath+'folder.gif',
		folderOpen: iconPath+'folderopen.gif',
		node: iconPath+'page.gif',
		empty: iconPath+'empty.gif',
		line: iconPath+'line.gif',
		join: iconPath+'join.gif',
		joinBottom: iconPath+'joinbottom.gif',
		plus: iconPath+'plus.gif',
		plusBottom: iconPath+'plusbottom.gif',
		minus: iconPath+'minus.gif',
		minusBottom: iconPath+'minusbottom.gif',
		nlPlus: iconPath+'nolines_plus.gif',
		nlMinus: iconPath+'nolines_minus.gif'
	};
	
	this.cbCollection = new Object();
	this.obj = objName;
	this.aNodes = [];
	this.aIndent = [];
	this.root = new Node(-1);
	this.selectedNode = null;
	this.selectedFound = false;
	this.completed = false;
};

// 向节点序列中增加一个新节点
dTree.prototype.add = function(id, pid, name, url, title, target, icon, iconOpen, open) {
	this.aNodes[this.aNodes.length] = new Node(id, pid, name, url, title, target, icon, iconOpen, open);
};



// 向页面输出树形
dTree.prototype.toString = function() {
	var str = '<div class="dtree">\n';
	if (document.getElementById) {
		if (this.config.useCookies) this.selectedNode = this.getSelected();
		str += this.addNode(this.root);
	} else str += 'Browser not supported.';
	str += '</div>';
	if (!this.selectedFound) this.selectedNode = null;
	this.completed = true;
	return str;
};

// 创建树结构
dTree.prototype.addNode = function(pNode) {
	var str = '';
	var n=0;
	if (this.config.inOrder) n = pNode._ai;
	for (n; n<this.aNodes.length; n++) {
		if (this.aNodes[n].pid == pNode.id) {
			var cn = this.aNodes[n];
			cn._p = pNode;
			cn._ai = n;
			this.setCS(cn);
			if (!cn.target && this.config.target) cn.target = this.config.target;
			if (cn._hc && !cn._io && this.config.useCookies) cn._io = this.isOpen(cn.id);
			if (!this.config.folderLinks && cn._hc) cn.url = null;
			if (this.config.useSelection && cn.id == this.selectedNode && !this.selectedFound) {
					cn._is = true;
					this.selectedNode = n;
					this.selectedFound = true;
			}
			str += this.node(cn, n);
			if (cn._ls) break;
		}
	}
	return str;
};
//通过id获得复选框对象
dTree.prototype.co=function(id){
	if (this.cbCollection[id])return this.cbCollection[id];
	for(var n=0; n<this.aNodes.length; n++){
		if(this.aNodes[n].id==id){
			this.cbCollection[id]=document.getElementById("c"+this.obj+n);
			break;
		}
	}
	return this.cbCollection[id];
};
//得到所有被选中的复选框的id值
dTree.prototype.getCheckedNodes=function(){
	var res = new Array();
	var cko;//checkobject
	for(var n=0; n<this.aNodes.length; n++){
		
		cko = this.co(this.aNodes[n].id);
		if(cko.checked==true){
			res[res.length]=this.aNodes[n].id;
		}
	}
	return res;
}

dTree.prototype.cc=function(nodeId){
	var cs = document.getElementById("c"+this.obj+nodeId).checked;
	var n,node = this.aNodes[nodeId];
	var len =this.aNodes.length;
	for (n=0; n<len; n++) {
		if (this.aNodes[n].pid == node.id) {
			document.getElementById("c"+this.obj+n).checked=cs;
			this.cc(n);		
		}
	}
	if(cs==false)return;
	var pid=node.pid;
	var bSearch;
	do{
		bSearch=false;
		for(n=0;n<len;n++){
			if(this.aNodes[n].id==pid){
				document.getElementById("c"+this.obj+n).checked=true;
				pid=this.aNodes[n].pid;
				bSearch= true;				
				break;
			}
		}
	}while(bSearch==true)
}

// 创建节点图标,url和文本
dTree.prototype.node = function(node, nodeId) {
	var str = '<div class="dTreeNode">' + this.indent(node, nodeId);
	if (this.config.useIcons) {
		if (!node.icon) node.icon = (this.root.id == node.pid) ? this.icon.root : ((node._hc) ? this.icon.folder : this.icon.node);
		if (!node.iconOpen) node.iconOpen = (node._hc) ? this.icon.folderOpen : this.icon.node;
		if (this.root.id == node.pid) {
			node.icon = this.icon.root;
			node.iconOpen = this.icon.root;
		}
		str += '<img id="i' + this.obj + nodeId + '" src="' + ((node._io)?node.iconOpen : node.icon) + '" alt="" />';
	}
	if(this.config.check==true){
		str+= '<input type="checkbox" class="cx" id="c'+  this.obj + nodeId + '" onclick="javascript:'+this.obj+'.cc('+nodeId+')"/>';
		
	}
	if (node.url) {
		str += '<a id="s' + this.obj + nodeId + '" class="' + ((this.config.useSelection) ? ((node._is ? 'nodeSel' : 'node')) : 'node') + '" href="' + node.url +'"';
		if (node.title) str += ' title="' + node.title + '"';
		if (node.target) str += ' target="' + node.target + '"';
		if (this.config.useStatusText) str += ' onmouseover="window.status=\'' + node.name + '\';return true;" onmouseout="window.status=\'\';return true;" ';
		if (this.config.useSelection && ((node._hc && this.config.folderLinks) || !node._hc))	str += ' onclick="javascript: ' + this.obj + '.s(' + nodeId + ');"';
		str += '>';
	}
	else if ((!this.config.folderLinks || !node.url) && node._hc && node.pid != this.root.id)
		str += '<a href="javascript: ' + this.obj + '.o(' + nodeId + ');" class="node">';
	str += node.name;
	if (node.url || ((!this.config.folderLinks || !node.url) && node._hc)) str += '</a>';
	str += '</div>';
	if (node._hc) {
		str += '<div id="d' + this.obj + nodeId + '" class="clip" style="display:' + ((this.root.id == node.pid || node._io) ? 'block' : 'none') + ';">';
		str += this.addNode(node);
		str += '</div>';
	}
	this.aIndent.pop();
	return str;
};

// Adds the empty and line icons
dTree.prototype.indent = function(node, nodeId) {
	var str = '';
	if (this.root.id != node.pid) {
		for (var n=0; n<this.aIndent.length; n++)
			str += '<img src="' + ( (this.aIndent[n] == 1 && this.config.useLines) ? this.icon.line : this.icon.empty ) + '" alt="" />';
		(node._ls) ? this.aIndent.push(0) : this.aIndent.push(1);
		if (node._hc) {
			str += '<a href="javascript: ' + this.obj + '.o(' + nodeId + ');"><img id="j' + this.obj + nodeId + '" src="';
			if (!this.config.useLines) str += (node._io) ? this.icon.nlMinus : this.icon.nlPlus;
			else str += ( (node._io) ? ((node._ls && this.config.useLines) ? this.icon.minusBottom : this.icon.minus) : ((node._ls && this.config.useLines) ? this.icon.plusBottom : this.icon.plus ) );
			str += '" alt="" /></a>';
		} else str += '<img src="' + ( (this.config.useLines) ? ((node._ls) ? this.icon.joinBottom : this.icon.join ) : this.icon.empty) + '" alt="" />';
	}
	return str;
};

//判断当前节点是带子节点并且是否是最终的兄弟节点
dTree.prototype.setCS = function(node) {
	var lastId;
	for (var n=0; n<this.aNodes.length; n++) {
		if (this.aNodes[n].pid == node.id) node._hc = true;
		if (this.aNodes[n].pid == node.pid) lastId = this.aNodes[n].id;
	}
	if (lastId==node.id) node._ls = true;
};

// 返回选中的节点
dTree.prototype.getSelected = function() {
	var sn = this.getCookie('cs' + this.obj);
	return (sn) ? sn : null;
};

// 将选中的节点高亮显示
dTree.prototype.s = function(id) {
	if (!this.config.useSelection) return;
	var cn = this.aNodes[id];
	if (cn._hc && !this.config.folderLinks) return;
	if (this.selectedNode != id) {
		if (this.selectedNode || this.selectedNode==0) {
			eOld = document.getElementById("s" + this.obj + this.selectedNode);
			eOld.className = "node";
		}
		eNew = document.getElementById("s" + this.obj + id);
		eNew.className = "nodeSel";
		this.selectedNode = id;
		if (this.config.useCookies) this.setCookie('cs' + this.obj, cn.id);
	}
};

//关闭或打开节点
dTree.prototype.o = function(id) {
	var cn = this.aNodes[id];
	this.nodeStatus(!cn._io, id, cn._ls);
	cn._io = !cn._io;
	if (this.config.closeSameLevel) this.closeLevel(cn);
	if (this.config.useCookies) this.updateCookie();
};



// 按特定节点展开树
dTree.prototype.openTo = function(nId, bSelect, bFirst) {
	if (!bFirst) {
		for (var n=0; n<this.aNodes.length; n++) {
			if (this.aNodes[n].id == nId) {
				nId=n;
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	var cn=this.aNodes[nId];
	if (cn.pid==this.root.id || !cn._p) return;
	cn._io = true;
	cn._is = bSelect;
	if (this.completed && cn._hc) this.nodeStatus(true, cn._ai, cn._ls);
	if (this.completed && bSelect) this.s(cn._ai);
	else if (bSelect) this._sn=cn._ai;
	this.openTo(cn._p._ai, false, true);
};

//根据某个节点关闭所有同级别的节点
dTree.prototype.closeLevel = function(node) {
	for (var n=0; n<this.aNodes.length; n++) {
		if (this.aNodes[n].pid == node.pid && this.aNodes[n].id != node.id && this.aNodes[n]._hc) {
			this.nodeStatus(false, n, this.aNodes[n]._ls);
			this.aNodes[n]._io = false;
			this.closeAllChildren(this.aNodes[n]);
		}
	}
}

// 关闭一个节点下的所有子节点
dTree.prototype.closeAllChildren = function(node) {
	for (var n=0; n<this.aNodes.length; n++) {
		if (this.aNodes[n].pid == node.id && this.aNodes[n]._hc) {
			if (this.aNodes[n]._io) this.nodeStatus(false, n, this.aNodes[n]._ls);
			this.aNodes[n]._io = false;
			this.closeAllChildren(this.aNodes[n]);		
		}
	}
}

// 改变节点状态(打开或关闭)
dTree.prototype.nodeStatus = function(status, id, bottom) {
	eDiv	= document.getElementById('d' + this.obj + id);
	eJoin	= document.getElementById('j' + this.obj + id);
	if (this.config.useIcons) {
		eIcon	= document.getElementById('i' + this.obj + id);
		eIcon.src = (status) ? this.aNodes[id].iconOpen : this.aNodes[id].icon;
	}
	eJoin.src = (this.config.useLines)?
	((status)?((bottom)?this.icon.minusBottom:this.icon.minus):((bottom)?this.icon.plusBottom:this.icon.plus)):
	((status)?this.icon.nlMinus:this.icon.nlPlus);
	eDiv.style.display = (status) ? 'block': 'none';
};
// 清理一个cookie
dTree.prototype.clearCookie = function() {
	var now = new Date();
	var yesterday = new Date(now.getTime() - 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24);
	this.setCookie('co'+this.obj, 'cookieValue', yesterday);
	this.setCookie('cs'+this.obj, 'cookieValue', yesterday);
};

//设置一个cookie的值
dTree.prototype.setCookie = function(cookieName, cookieValue, expires, path, domain, secure) 

{
	document.cookie =
		escape(cookieName) + '=' + escape(cookieValue)
		+ (expires ? '; expires=' + expires.toGMTString() : '')
		+ (path ? '; path=' + path : '')
		+ (domain ? '; domain=' + domain : '')
		+ (secure ? '; secure' : '');
};

// 获得一个cookie的值
dTree.prototype.getCookie = function(cookieName) {
	var cookieValue = '';
	var posName = document.cookie.indexOf(escape(cookieName) + '=');
	if (posName != -1) {
		var posValue = posName + (escape(cookieName) + '=').length;
		var endPos = document.cookie.indexOf(';', posValue);
		if (endPos != -1) cookieValue = unescape(document.cookie.substring(posValue, endPos));
		else cookieValue = unescape(document.cookie.substring(posValue));
	}
	return (cookieValue);
};

// 根据一个字符串获得所有打开的节点的id的值
dTree.prototype.updateCookie = function() {
	var str = '';
	for (var n=0; n<this.aNodes.length; n++) {
		if (this.aNodes[n]._io && this.aNodes[n].pid != this.root.id) {
			if (str) str += '.';
			str += this.aNodes[n].id;
		}
	}
	this.setCookie('co' + this.obj, str);
};


dTree.prototype.isOpen = function(id) {
	var aOpen = this.getCookie('co' + this.obj).split('.');
	for (var n=0; n<aOpen.length; n++)
		if (aOpen[n] == id) return true;
	return false;
};


if (!Array.prototype.push) {
	Array.prototype.push = function array_push() {
		for(var i=0;i<arguments.length;i++)
			this[this.length]=arguments[i];
		return this.length;
	}
};
if (!Array.prototype.pop) {
	Array.prototype.pop = function array_pop() {
		lastElement = this[this.length-1];
		this.length = Math.max(this.length-1,0);
		return lastElement;
	}
};

 

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